Depends on D21013. Ref T13493. When users log in with most providers, the provider returns an "ExternalAccount" identifier (like an Asana account GUID) and the workflow figures out where to go from there, usually a decision to try to send the user to registration (if the external account isn't linked to anything yet) or login (if it is).
In the case of password providers, the password is really a property of an existing account, so sending the user to registration never makes sense. We can bypass the "external identifier" indirection layer and just say "username -> internal account" instead of "external GUID -> internal mapping -> internal account".
Formalize this so that "AuthProvider" can generate either a "map this external account" value or a "use this internal account" value.
This stops populating "accountID" on "password" "ExternalAccount" objects, but this was only an artifact of convenience. (These records don't really need to exist at all, but there's little harm in going down the same workflow as everything else for consistency.)