Fix ArcanistFormattedStringXHPASTLinterRule for PHP 8
PHP 8's sprintf raises a ValueError when encountering unknown format
specifiers (previously it would eat the argument and print nothing), so
linting format strings like %Ls dies with an uncaught ValueError.
Fix this by using a custom callback during linting to turn all format
specifiers into %s and replace the dummy null argument with the original
format specifier, ensuring we always end up providing valid input to the
sprintf at the end. This has the nice property that the output of the
call to xsprintf is the original format string, though any
transformation into valid input would do.
Test Plan: Ran arc lint
Reviewers: epriestley, Blessed Reviewers
Reviewed By: epriestley, Blessed Reviewers
Maniphest Tasks: T13588
Differential Revision: https://secure.phabricator.com/D21500