See PHI1044. When you push a commit, we try to detect if the diff is the same as the last diff in Differential. This is a soft/heuristic check and only used to provide a hint in email ("CHANGED SINCE LAST DIFF").
For some changes, we can end up on this pathway with a binary changeset for a deleted file in the commit, and try to fetch the file data. This will fail since the file has been deleted. I'm not entirely sure why this hasn't cropped up before and didn't try to truly build an end-to-end test case, but it's a valid state that we shouldn't fatal in.
When we get here in this state, just detect a change. This is safe, even if it isn't always correct.
(This will be revisited in the future so I'm favoring fixing the broken behavior for now.)