See brief discussion in D18554. All the index tables are the same for every application (and, at this point, seem unlikely to change) and we never actually pass these objects around (they're only used internally).
In some other cases (like Transactions) not every application has the same tables (for example, Differential has extra field for inline comments), and/or we pass the objects around (lots of stuff uses $xactions directly).
However, in this case, and in Edges, we don't interact with any representation of the database state directly in much of the code, and it doesn't change from application to application.
Just automatically define document, field, and ngram tables for anything which implements FerretInterface. This makes the query and index logic a tiny bit messier but lets us delete a ton of boilerplate classes.