Ref T13590. Currently, when you encounter a HTTP error in Git, there is no apparent way to make the client show any additional useful information. In particular, the response body is ignored.
We can partially get around this by putting the information in an "X-Phabricator-Message: ..." HTTP header, which is visible with "GIT_CURL_VERBOSE=1 git ...". Users won't normally know to look here, but it's still better than nothing.