Troubleshooting HTTPS
Phabricator User Documentation (Configuration)

Detailed instructions for troubleshooting HTTPS connection problems.

Overview

If you're having trouble connecting to an HTTPS install of Phabricator, and particularly if you're receiving a "There was an error negotiating the SSL connection." error, this document may be able to help you diagnose and resolve the problem.

Connection negotiation can fail for several reasons. The major ones are:

  • You have not added the Certificate Authority as a trusted authority (this is the most common problem, and usually the issue for self-signed certificates).
  • The SSL certificate is signed for the wrong domain. For example, a certificate signed for www.example.com will not work for phabricator.example.com.
  • The server rejects TLSv1 SNI connections for the domain (this is complicated, see below).

Certificate Authority Problems

SSL certificates need to be signed by a trusted authority (called a Certificate Authority or "CA") to be accepted. If the CA for a certificate is untrusted, the connection will fail (this defends the connection from an eavesdropping attack called "man in the middle"). Normally, you purchase a certificate from a known authority and clients have a list of trusted authorities.

You can self-sign a certificate by creating your own CA, but clients will not trust it by default. They need to add the CA as a trusted authority.

For instructions on adding CAs, see libphutil/resources/ssl/README.

If you'd prefer that arc not verify the identity of the server whatsoever, you can use the https.blindly-trust-domains setting. This will make it dramatically easier for adversaries to perform certain types of attacks, and is strongly discouraged:

$ arc set-config https.blindly-trust-domains '["example.com"]'

Domain Problems

Verify the domain the certificate was issued for. You can generally do this with:

$ openssl x509 -text -in <certificate>

If the certificate was accidentally generated for, e.g. www.example.com but you installed Phabricator on phabricator.example.com, you need to generate a new certificate for the right domain.

SNI Problems

Server Name Identification ("SNI") is a feature of TLSv1 which works a bit like Apache VirtualHosts, and allows a server to present different certificates to clients who are connecting to it using different names.

Servers that are not configured properly may reject TSLv1 SNI requests because they do not recognize the name the client is connecting with. This topic is complicated, but you can test for it by running:

$ openssl s_client -connect example.com:443 -servername example.com

Replace both instances of "example.com" with your domain. If you receive an error in SSL23_GET_SERVER_HELLO with reason(1112), like this:

CONNECTED(00000003)
87871:error:14077458:SSL routines:SSL23_GET_SERVER_HELLO:reason(1112):
  /SourceCache/OpenSSL098/OpenSSL098-44/src/ssl/s23_clnt.c:602:

...it indicates server is misconfigured. The most common cause of this problem is an Apache server that does not explicitly name the Phabricator domain as a valid VirtualHost.

This error occurs only for some versions of the OpenSSL client library (from v0.9.8r or earlier until 1.0.0), so only some users may experience it.