Diviner Phabricator User Docs Harbormaster User Guide

Harbormaster User Guide
Phabricator User Documentation (Application User Guides)

Guide to Harbormaster, a build and continuous integration application.

Overview

WARNING: Harbormaster is still very rough. Read this document carefully to understand what it can and can not do and what to expect in the future.

The Harbormaster application provides build and continuous integration support for Phabricator.

Harbormaster is not a mature application. You should expect it to have major missing capabilities and to change substantially over time. The current version of Harbormaster can perform some basic build tasks, but has many limitations and is not a complete build platform.

In particular, you should be aware of these common limitations:

  • Creating Build Plans: Harbormaster ships with only very basic, crude tools for writing build plans. There are no default integrations with arc unit or systems like Jenkins. Build plans are likely to change substantially over time.
  • Triggering Builds: Harbormaster can only trigger builds through Herald rules. It can not currently run periodic builds.
  • Executing Builds: Harbormaster can only execute builds in a remote system, like Jenkins. It can not currently host builds.
  • Change Handoff: Change handoff is covered in rough edges and tradeoffs.

Harbormaster Basics

Use Harbormaster to run builds or tests on code reviews and commits. In general, the Harbormaster workflow looks like this today:

  • You create a new "Build Plan" which describes how to build a project (which tests to run, which commands to execute, etc).
  • You configure Harbormaster to trigger the plan when relevant code reviews are created or relevant commits are pushed or discovered.
  • Harbormaster executes the plan and reports the results, allowing you to see if a change or commit breaks tests.

The remainder of this document walks through these steps in more detail.

Concepts and Terminology

Harbormaster uses these concepts to describe builds:

  • Build Step: Describes a single step in a build process, like running a command.
  • Build Plan: A collection of build steps which describe a build process. You'll create build plans to tell Harbormaster which commands it needs to run to perform a build.
  • Buildable: A reference to an object from another application which can have builds run against it. In the upstream, code reviews (from Differential) and commits (from Diffusion) are buildable.
  • Build: Created by running a build plan against a buildable. Collects results from running build commands and shows build progress, status and results. A build describes what happened when an entire build plan was run.
  • Build Target: Builds are made up of build targets, which are created automatically when Harbormaster runs the individual steps in a build. A build target describes what happened when a specific build step was run.

Creating a Build Plan

NOTE: Build plans are currently crude and subject to change in future versions of Harbormaster.

A build plan tells Harbormaster how to run a build: which commands to run, services to call, and so on. Builds start with a build plan.

To create a build plan, navigate to HarbormasterManage Build PlansNew Build Plan.

Build plans are composed of "Build Steps". Each step describes an individual action (like running a command) and the sequence of steps as a whole comprise the plan. For example, you might want to run one command to build a binary, then a second command to execute unit tests. Add steps to your build plan with Add Build Step.

Currently, the only useful type of build step is "Make HTTP Request", which you can use to make a call to an external build system like Jenkins. Today, most plans should therefore look something like this:

  • Use a "Make HTTP Request" step to tell Jenkins or some other similar external build system about the code.
  • Have the build step "Wait for Message" after the external system is notified.
  • Write custom code on the build server to respond to the request, run a build, then report the results back to Phabricator by calling the harbormaster.sendmessage Conduit API.

You'll need to write a nontrivial amount of code to get this working today. In the future, Harbormaster will become more powerful and have more builtin support for interacting with build systems.

Triggering Builds

NOTE: Harbormaster can not currently watch a branch (like "build 'master' every time it changes") or run periodic builds (like "build every hour"). These capabilities may be added in the future.

You can run builds manually by using Run Plan Manually from the detail screen of a build plan. This will execute a manual build immediately, and can be used to test that plans work properly.

To trigger a build automatically, write a Herald rule which executes the "Run build plans" action. The simplest rule would just use the "Always" condition and run a single build plan, but you can use more complex conditions to control which plans run on which code.

This action is available for commits and revisions, as either can be built with Harbormaster. This action is only available for "Project" or "Global" rules.

Change Handoff

NOTE: Change handoff is currently very rough. It may improve in the future.

If you want to build code reviews in an external system, it will need to be able to construct a working copy with the changes before it can build them.

There are three ways to do this:

  • Automatic Staging Areas: Recommended. This is the simplest and cleanest way to hand changes to an external build system.
  • Manual Staging Areas: Recommended if you can not use automatic staging areas. This is a simple way to hand changes to an external build system, but not as clean as automatic staging areas.
  • arc patch: Not recommended. This mechanism is the most difficult to configure and debug, and is not nearly as reliable as handoff via staging areas.

With staging areas, arc pushes a copy of the local changes somewhere as a side effect of running arc diff. In Git, it pushes changes to a tag like phabricator/diff/123 in a designated remote.

The build system can then interact with this copy using normal VCS commands. This is simpler to configure, use, troubleshoot and work with than arc patch.

With arc patch, the build system downloads patches from Phabricator and applies them to a local working copy. This is more complex and more error-prone than staging areas.

Automatic Staging Areas: This is the recommended mechanism for change handoff. This mechanism has not been built yet, so you can not use it.

Manual Staging Areas: If you can not use automatic staging areas, manual staging areas are the next best approach. Manual staging areas are only supported under Git, but work with both hosted and imported repositories.

Manual staging areas work like this:

  • You configure a staging area for the repository you want to be able to run builds for. A staging area is just a remote repository that you're designating for temporary storage.
  • Once a staging area is configured, arc diff will automatically push a copy of the changes to the staging area as a side effect when creating and updating reviews.
  • Your build system can pull changes directly from the configured staging area.

Configure a staging area by navigating to Diffusion(Choose a Repository)Edit RepositoryEdit Staging. You'll enter the remote URI of a repository to use as a staging area, and arc diff will push changes to tags like phabricator/diff/123.

There are several ways to select a staging area:

  • You can use the repository itself as its own staging area, but this will clog it up with a lot of tags that users probably don't care about. This is simplest to configure but will be disruptive and potentially confusing to users.
  • You can create a single staging repository and have all other repositories use it as a staging area. This is simple to configure and won't disrupt or confuse users, but you won't be able to set granular permissions on the staging repository: all the staged changes in a repository are visible to anyone who has access to the repository, even if they came from a repository that the viewer does not have access to.
  • You can create a staging repository for each standard repository. This will give you the most control, but is also the most time consuming to configure.
  • You can use a hybrid approach and have several staging repositories, each of which is used for one or more standard repositories. This will let you strike a balance between setup costs and granularity.
  • Using automatic staging areas avoids all this complexity by using the repository as its own staging area but hiding the tags from users.

Once you've configured a staging area, have your build system clone the staging area repository and do a checkout of the relevant tag in order to perform a build.

arc patch: You can also have the build system pull changes out of Phabricator as patches and apply them with arc patch. This mechanism is the most complex to configure and debug, and is much less reliable than using staging areas. It is not recommended.

To use arc patch-based handoff, install PHP on your build server and set up arc. Create a "bot" user for your build system and generate a Conduit token in SettingsConduit API Tokens. Then have your build system clone the repository and run arc patch to apply the changes:

$ arc patch --conduit-token <token> --diff <diff-id>

This will usually work, but is more complex and less reliable than using a staging area.

Troubleshooting

You can troubleshoot Harbormaster by using bin/harbormaster from the command line. Run it as bin/harbormaster help for details.

In particular, you can run manual builds in the foreground from the CLI to see more details about what they're doing:

phabricator/ $ ./bin/harbormaster build D123 --plan 456 --trace

This may help you understand or debug issues with a build plan.